Consider winter protection as the weather gets colder and frosts become likely.
- Prune roses to prevent wind-rock.
- Plant tulips for next spring.
- Plant bare root roses.
- Remove black spot on roses. Collect and dispose of fallen leaves infected with black spot, then mulch with well rotted compost or manure.
- Raise up pots to avoid water logging.
- Avoid disturbing ladybirds as they will eat aphids your garden next spring.
- Tie in climbers.
- Protect any swedes left in the ground with a 15cm layer of straw.
- Stake Brussel Sprouts.
- Plant Garlic.
- Introduce new fruit bushes as long as the ground is not frozen or waterlogged.
- Keep hungry birds fed and watered.
- Check Brassica nets are secure.
- Harvest winter Cauliflowers.
- Prune Apple and Pear trees.
- Remove unecessary fruit cages.
- Create a mini pond.
- Clean up your greenhouse.
- Save your pumpkin seeds.
Shade out your greenhouse. Open up doors and windows and on very hot days hose down the floor
Plant young sweetcorn plants in blocks rather than rows as it is pollinated by wind
Harvest early potatoes when flowers open or buds drop. Tubers are ready to harvest when they are the size of hens’ eggs
Boost your sweet peas. Keep feeding and tying in your sweet peas. Frequent deadheading will provide you more flowers
Take softwood cuttings. Young growth makes great softwood cuttings at this time of year, rooting readily. Take non flowering shoots up to 10cm long from deciduous shrubs such as fuchsias, mopped hydrangeas and mock orange
Raise mower blades in drought if you have a traditional lawn. This will help the lawn become more drought resistant, encouraging deeper rooting of the grass
Chop early perennials. After flowering, cut Oriental poppies, lupins and delphiniums back to the base for a new flush of foliage and , potentially, more flowers
Feed tomatoes. Use a high potassium(potash) feed once the flowers start to set.
Stake floppy flowers such as delphiniums and sunflowers
Sow kale, calabrese, spring cauliflower, Savoy cabbage, turnips and kohl Rabi for autumn and winter harvests
Mid June to mid July is the ideal time to sow Florence fennel.
Courgettes, pumpkins and marrows can be sown directly outdoors in warmer parts of the country in early June. Choose a sunny site and add plenty of organic matter
Lettuce and other salad leaves. Keep sowing small amounts every few weeks. in mid summer leafy salad crops may do better in part shaded spots, as hot dry weather can lead to bitter tasting leaves
French and runner beans can be sown directly into the soil or in small pots ready to plant out in a few weeks. For climbing beans, put supports in place first.